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Retrieved 14 July Archived from the original on 3 October The traditional importance of textiles is reflected in Barcelona's drive to become a major fashion centre. Spanish accession to the European Community , and particularly Barcelona's designation as host city of the Summer Olympics. Since the s, and similar to other migrants, many Latin Americans have settled in northern parts of the city.
The ruins of an early settlement have been found, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than BC. Archived from the original PDF on 2 February The city has a further three multifunctional venues for sports and concerts: Archived from the original on 27 September
It is the capital and largest city of Cataloniaas well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. With a population of 1. After merging with the Kingdom of AragonBarcelona continued to be an important city in the Crown of Aragon as an economic and administrative centre of this Crown and the capital of the Principality of Catalonia. Barcelona has a rich cultural heritage and is today an important cultural centre and a major tourist destination.
The headquarters of the Union for the Mediterranean are located in Barcelona. The city is known for hosting the Summer Olympics as well as world-class conferences and expositions and also many international sport tournaments.
Barcelona is one of the world's leading tourist, economic, trade fair and cultural centres, and its influence in commerce, education, entertainment, media, fashion, science, and the arts all contribute to its status as one of the world's major global cities.
In the city was ranked Europe's third and one of the world's most successful as a city brand. Since Barcelona has been a leading smart city in Europe. Some older sources suggest that the city may have been named after the Carthaginian general Hamilcar Barcawho was supposed to have founded the city in the 3rd century BC,  but there is no evidence that Barcelona was ever a Carthaginian settlement, or that its name in antiquity, Barcinohad any connection with the Barcid family of Hamilcar.
However, this name refers only to FC Barcelonathe football club. The common abbreviated form used by locals is Barna. The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear.
The ruins of an early settlement have been found, including different tombs and dwellings dating to earlier than BC. The first attributes the founding of the city to the mythological Hercules.
The second legend attributes the foundation of the city directly to the historical Carthaginian general, Hamilcar Barcafather of Hannibalwho supposedly named the city Barcino after his family in the 3rd century BC,  but there is no historical or linguistic evidence that this is true.
Pomponius Mela  mentions it among the small towns of the district, probably as it was eclipsed by its neighbour Tarraco modern Tarragonabut it may be gathered from later writers that it gradually grew in wealth and consequence, favoured as it was with a beautiful situation and an excellent harbour. Some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral.
The city was conquered by the Visigoths in the early 5th century, becoming for a few years the capital of all Hispania. After being conquered by the Arabs in the early 8th century, it was conquered in by Charlemagne 's son Louiswho made Barcelona the seat of the Carolingian " Hispanic March " Marca Hispanicaa buffer zone ruled by the Count of Barcelona. The Counts of Barcelona became increasingly independent and expanded their territory to include all of Cataloniaalthough on 6 JulyBarcelona was sacked by the army of Almanzor.
His territories were later to be known as the Crown of Aragonwhich conquered many overseas possessions and ruled the western Mediterranean Sea with outlying territories in Naples and Sicily and as far as Athens in the 13th century.
The forging of a dynastic link between the Crowns of Aragon and Castile marked the beginning of Barcelona's decline.
The Bank of Barcelona Taula de canviprobably the oldest public bank in Europe, was established by the city magistrates in It originated from necessities of the state, as did the Bank of Times dating online uk and the Bank of Genoa Madrid became the centre of political power whilst the colonisation of the Americas reduced the financial importance at least in relative terms of Mediterranean trade.
The great plague of — halved the city's population. Much of Barcelona was negatively affected by the Napoleonic warsbut the start of industrialisation saw the fortunes of the province improve.
As the power of the Republican government and the Generalitat diminished, much of the city was under the effective control of anarchist groups. The anarchists lost control of the city to their own allies, the Communists and official government troops, after the street fighting of the Barcelona May Days. The fall of the city on 26 Januarycaused a mass exodus of civilians who fled to the French border.
The autonomous institutions of Catalonia were abolished,  and the use of the Catalan language in public life was suppressed. Barcelona remained the second largest city in Spain, at the heart of a region which was relatively industrialised and prosperous, despite the devastation of the civil war.
The result was a large-scale immigration from poorer regions of Spain particularly AndalusiaMurcia and Galiciawhich in turn led to rapid urbanisation. InBarcelona hosted the Summer Olympics, dating sites espana. The after-effects of this are credited with driving major changes in what had, up until then, been a largely industrial city.
As part of the preparation for the games, industrial buildings along the sea-front were demolished and two miles of beach were created. Between andthe number of hotel rooms in the city doubled. Perhaps more importantly, the outside perception of the city was changed making, byBarcelona the 12th most popular city destination in the world and the 5th amongst European cities. The death of Franco in brought on a period of democratisation throughout Spain.
Pressure for change was particularly strong in Barcelona, which considered with some justification that it had been punished during nearly forty years of Francoism dating sites espana its support of the Republican government. It was granted less than a month later.
The development of Barcelona was promoted by two events in Spanish accession to the European Communityand particularly Barcelona's designation as host city of the Summer Olympics. This decline has been reversed sinceas a new wave of immigration particularly from Latin America and from Morocco has gathered pace.
On 17 Augusta van was driven into pedestrians on La Rambla in the citykilling 14 and injuring at leastone of whom later died. Dating sites espana attacks took place elsewhere in Catalonia. It is kilometres 75 miles south of the Pyrenees and the Catalan border with France. Barcelona is peppered with small hills, most of them urbanised, that gave their name to the neighbourhoods built upon them, such as Carmel metres or feetPutget metres or feet and Rovira metres or feet.
The municipality includes two small sparsely-inhabited exclaves to the north-west. The rainfall pattern is characterized by a short 3 months dry season in summer, as well as less winter rainfall than in a typical Mediterranean climate. This subtype, labelled as "Portuguese" by the French geographer George Viers after the climate classification of Emmanuel de Martonne  and found in the NW Mediterranean area e.
Marseillecan be seen as transitional to the humid subtropical climate Cfa found in inland areas such as the Po Valley e. Milanwhose rainfall is greater in summer, a feature of continental climates. Its average annual temperature is Large fluctuations in temperature are rare, particularly in the summer months. Because of the proximity to the warm sea, frosts are very rare in the city of Barcelona.
Rainfall totals are highest in late summer and autumn September—November and lowest in early and mid-summer June—Augustwith a secondary winter minimum February—March. The population of the urban area was 4, Spanish is the most spoken language in Barcelona according to the linguistic census held by the Government of Catalonia in and it is understood almost universally. InBarcelona had a population ofpeople,  which grew steadily but slowly untilwhen it started absorbing a high number of people from other less-industrialized parts of Spain.
Barcelona's population peaked in with 1, people, and fell throughout the s and s as more people sought a higher quality of life in outlying cities in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area.
After bottoming out in with 1, people, the city's population began to rise again as younger people started to return, causing a great increase in housing prices. This text is entirely based on the municipal statistical database provided by the city council. Barcelona is one of the most densely populated cities in Europe. For the year the city council calculated the population to 1, living in the In the case of Barcelona though, the land distribution is extremely uneven.
Half of the municipality or Of the 73 neighbourhoods in the city, 45 had a population density above 20, inhabitants per square kilometre with a combined population of 1, inhabitants living on The 30 most densely populated neighbourhoods accounted for In addition to that, The most important region of origin of migrants is Europe, with many coming from Italy 26, dating sites espana, or France 13, Since the s, and similar to other migrants, many Latin Americans have settled in northern parts of the city.
There exists a relatively large Pakistani community in Barcelona with up to twenty thousand nationals. The community consists of significantly more men than women. Many of the Pakistanis are living in Ciutat Vella. First Pakistani migrants came in the s, with increasing numbers in the s. Other significant migrant groups come from Asia as from China and the Philippines.
The province has the largest Muslim community in Spain,people in Barcelona province are of Muslim religion. The city also has the largest Jewish community in Spain, with an estimated 3, Jews living in the city. Barcelona was the 24th most "livable city" in the world in according to lifestyle magazine Monocle. Barcelona has a long-standing mercantile tradition. Less well known is that the city industrialised early, taking off inwhen Catalonia's already sophisticated textile industry began to use steam power.
It became the first and most important industrial city country western dating sites the Mediterranean basin. Since then, manufacturing has played a large role in its history. Borsa de Barcelona Barcelona Stock Exchange is the main stock exchange in the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula. Drawing upon its tradition of creative art and craftsmanship, dating sites espana, Barcelona is known for its award-winning industrial design.
It also has several congress halls, notably Fira de Barcelona — the second largest trade fair and exhibition centre in Europe, that host a quickly growing number of national and international events each year at present above However, dating sites espana, the Eurozone crisis and deep cuts in business travel affected the Council's positioning of the city as a convention centre. Barcelona was the 20th-most-visited city in the world by international visitors and the fifth most visited city in Europe after London, Paris, Istanbul and Rome, with 5.
Barcelona as internationally renowned a tourist destination, with numerous recreational areas, one of the best beaches in the world,   mild and warm climate, historical monuments, including eight UNESCO World Heritage Siteshotels as of March  including dating sites espana five star hotels,  and developed tourist infrastructure. Due to its large influx of tourists each year, Barcelona, like many other tourism capitals, has to deal with pickpockets, with wallets and passports being commonly stolen items.
For this reason, most travel guides recommend that visitors take precautions in order to ensure their possessions' safety, especially inside the metro premises. While tourism produces economic benefits, the city is "overrun" In earlyoverprotesters warned that tourism is destabilizing the city.
Slogans included "Tourists go home", "Barcelona is not for sale" and "We will not be driven out". By then, number of visitors had increased from 1. The mayor has suggested an additional tourist tax and setting a limit on the number of visitors.
Barcelona has long been an important European automobile manufacturing centre.